On a quiet weekend in 2011, Dr Ranjit Singh Gill, a hand surgeon, flexed his fingers as he watched a limousine and police outriders pull up the front entrance of the Kuala Lumpur Sports Medicine Centre (KLSMC). A middle-aged man emerged from the car flanked by bodyguards. Dr Ranjit greeted his patient. The whole group crowded into an elevator which whisked them to the fifth floor where a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine awaited. The bodyguards stood at attention outside.

“My arm has been bothering me,” the patient told Dr Ranjit. After Dr Ranjit

gently flexed his patient’s arm and studied the MRI scans, he suggested that the patient undergo a keyhole surgery and five rounds of stem-cell injections. These stem cells would repair the injured area and regenerate the cartilage tissue.  The treatment was so simple, so miraculous and so cool, it was almost too good to be true.

In fact, global experts in the field of orthopedics are divided over the use of adult stem cells to repair cartilage. “Cartilage basically does not heal,” Dr. Hubert Kim, director of the Center for Cartilage Repair and Regeneration, was quoted as saying in an interview published in the UCSF Medical Centre website.

Dr. Ranjit’s treatment, developed in Malaysia, flew in the face of medical textbooks. It took guts to suggest a road less traveled by.

“Doctors should always take the route that’s safest for the patient. But sometimes, the textbook solution is not necessarily the safest way of doing things,” Dr. Ranjit told me in a series of interviews, as he recounted treating this unique patient, who shall go unnamed due to doctor-patient confidentiality. “You need to continuously challenge yourself with difficult decisions. It’s a big responsibility.”

That is leadership on the cutting edge, metaphorically and medically speaking. Thanks to the doctors’ research on stem-cell therapy, Kuala Lumpur Sports Medicine Centre has emerged as a clinical and research powerhouse for orthopedic work globally, achieving a pace of innovation unmatched by most private practices in the country. The doctors here have temerity, talent and track record to provide cutting edge – sometimes experimental – treatments to rival the best in advanced nations.

These are the kinds of stories that I will be highlighting in this new column, “Spark!” Every month, I’ll be looking at leaders of all stripes and backgrounds who spark off energy and synergy among their followers. Their stories and strategies serve a greater purpose: to generate ideas for us to fan into flame.

The KLSMC journey into the cutting-edge began in 2005, when Dr Ranjit’s colleague, Dr Saw Khay Yong, an orthopedic surgeon and founder of KLSMC, successfully regenerated cartilage in the knee joints of goats. Then Dr Saw tried to regenerate normal cartilage in patients’ knees by injecting the patients’ own blood stem cells into their knees after drilling holes into the underlying bone. That worked too.

Drawing on Dr Saw’s success with knees, Dr Ranjit, a hand surgeon, tested out the articular cartilage regeneration procedure on the limbs of three patients. Again, success. Cartilage could be regrown. The early studies, published in international scientific journals, stirred interest from orthopedic specialists and university lecturers from the United States and United Kingdom, who flew into Kuala Lumpur to learn the latest techniques from KLSMC. “Their technology will change orthopedic surgery forever,” said Dr. Adam Anz, an orthopedic surgeon from Florida, in an interview.

Exciting as that was, Dr Ranjit was now recommending this relatively new procedure – tested on a bunch of goats and a few people  – to one of the most famous people in Malaysia.

“This procedure isn’t in the medical textbooks,” Dr Ranjit said. “Will you consider it?”

“I’ll think about it,” the patient said.

Dr Ranjit shook his head as he watched his patient hop into the limo and leave the hospital accompanied by the wail of police sirens.

Was he brilliant? Or crazy? Probably both, he concluded.

It is the norm for doctors to leave the public health system to join private practice. It is more unusual for a half-dozen orthopedic specialists, headed by Dr Saw, to leave their private practice to start their own hospital in Bukit Damansara. And it’s extremely rare for such doctors to embark on stem-cell research – even while they were designing the hospital building and paying off mortgages and praying for patients to show up. And it’s probably crazy to think of even setting up a stem-cell lab in a country where research infrastructure is relatively sparse.

“Is there a better way of doing things in hospitals?” Dr Saw mused aloud during an interview at Nerofico, an Italian restaurant on the ground floor of KLSMC, which serves gourmet food to his patients. “We dreamed of seeing and scanning the patient the same day, and then doing surgery the next day.”

“We were passionate and obsessive about wanting to do things properly. But logically, the risk was still too high to set up a centre so big,” Dr Ranjit added, as he gestured broadly toward the nine floors of the hospital, which includes a pharmacy, a laboratory, operating theatres, a gorgeous high-ceilinged physiotherapy centre on the eighth floor, and a rooftop hydrotherapy pool. “So we needed the final magic ingredient: you have to be a little bit crazy.”

Their craziness has paid off. Thanks to their original research conducted with University Putra Malaysia in 2005, Dr Saw and his cohort began providing stem cell therapy for sports-related injuries and other common joint injuries. Soon they found themselves treating national athletes, weightlifters and international patients.

In May this year, world No. 1 badminton player Lee Chong Wei injured his right ankle. Most Malaysians wrote off his chances of competing at the London Olympics. Lee went to KLSMC for stem-cell injections into a torn ligament. He recovered quickly. A few months later, Dr Saw found himself joining millions of Malaysians cheering on Lee in the breathtaking Olympic final against Lin Dan. “I was watching his ankle all the time,” Saw said, “and hoping he doesn’t twist his ankle again.”

Dr Saw’s pioneering work in regenerating knee cartilage has won praise from the editors of the peer-reviewed Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. In two separate editorials, Professor Gary Poehling, the journal’s editor-in-chief, urged readers to study the research published by Dr Saw in Malaysia and his co-authors in North Carolina and Alaska. Poehling described the diagrams as “amazing” and “priceless,” and concluded that “stem cells have vast potential.” Dr Saw continues to publish papers that show evidence that articular cartilage in the knee joint can be regenerated.

The KLSMC doctors’ research have now broadened stem-cell treatment into cartilage, soft tissue, nerves and tendons – building on groundbreaking work carried out by specialists in multiple fields throughout the world.

“Right now this is the best possible treatment ever,” said Dr Anz, who has flown to Malaysia several times to learn new techniques and collaborate with Saw. “We want to give our patients the best treatment possible. Once they see it involves stem cells – and they see how it’s so easy to harvest, easy to process, easy to store and easy to inject into patient – that’s going to change the world.”


Currently, Dr Saw and his cohort are planning for a worldwide multicenter trial. The goal is to prove to the global medical fraternity that this form of stem-cell treatment works. ““As we will be the principal investigator, a worldwide randomized control trial will showcase biotechnology in Malaysia,” Dr Saw said. “You’ll change the way cartilage injuries are treated. And you’ll rewrite the textbooks.”

Dr Ranjit wasn’t out to rewrite textbooks when he began treating his patient’s problem with the arm. All he wanted to do was provide the best care possible. So Dr Ranjit  sent an email to two famous orthopedic surgeons asking a second opinion on whether he should inject stem cells into his famous patient.

“Are you crazy?” a doctor from France replied. However, Ranjit’s mentor urged him to go for it. Faced with two opposite opinions, Dr Ranjit knew what he had to do: he went for it.

“It will take several weeks for the stem cells to recognize the injured area and regenerate the tissue, which will reattach back to the bone,” Dr Ranjit explained to his patient.

After the keyhole surgery, Dr Ranjit’s patient returned to KLSMC five times for stem-cell injections.

Four months later, Dr Ranjit met his patient. “How’s the arm?” Dr Ranjit asked.

“Perfectly fine,” the patient said.

As Dr Ranjit reflected on his unique patient – just one among many cases he has treated – perhaps the biggest leadership lesson he has learned is to do what you love.

“Doing what you love will drive you all the way – to be focused and persistent, to practise and practise, and finally to have that extra bit of craziness that pushes you forward. If you love your job, you’ll do well in it. And if you do well in it, you’ll love your job,” he said.


Everyone has experienced prolonged and extreme frustration. Leaders don’t wallow in learned helplessness. Here’s how to move from extreme frustration to extraordinary fruitfulness.

1. Name the pain. List down everything about the problem that frustrates or perplexes you. You can’t move on to extraordinary fruitfulness before naming the reality. Dr Saw Khay Yong, an orthopedic specialist, was unhappy with how far apart his clinic was from the operating theatre and physiotherapy units. The wait times – for MRI scans, surgery and therapy – were also far apart. “We were frustrated. There had to be a better way of doing things,” said Dr Saw.

2. Fan the passion. Ask yourself what you’d love to see. If you had a magic wand, what would you want to see happen? Saw wanted to deliver the ideal patient care. “We wanted a place where the patient, the doctor, the physiotherapist and the nurse worked together in the same room,” he said.

3. Form a winning coalition. Dr Saw also wanted to push the boundaries of evidence-based medicine in Malaysia. It was obvious he couldn’t do it alone. He invited other orthopedic surgeons – experts in the hand, shoulders, ankles, hips and back – to join him. He collaborated with local and international universities. He shared data and techniques with top doctors who visited the centre.

4. Integrate medical and management expertise. “As a group, you draw strengths from your fellow doctors, nurses and therapist, especially to overcome your weaknesses. We kept our eyes on each other,” Dr Saw said. That led him to an aha moment. Why not create the same team dynamics at the administrative level as well? “We practise as a team in our medical work, and we now practice as a team in how we run the administrative aspects of the hospital.”

Dr Ranjit’s toughest case

A microsurgeon typically performs surgery on blood vessels and nerves using extra-small surgical tools, micro-sutures and a microscope to magnify the area. The work of reattaching even one blood vessel is delicate, time-consuming and exhausting. You need constant visual contact with the microscope during surgery, and you need to maintain correct posture to minimize the amount of hand tremor.

Dr Ranjit’s most challenging case occurred when a man got his hand caught in a circular saw machine. The machine amputated the patient’s hand through the wrist. The hand that was amputated flipped back into the machine, which severed all the fingers. “We had to reattach the stump of the hand back to the wrist, and then individually reattach all the fingers,” Dr Ranjit said. The man’s hand, though not fully restored, was saved – and functional.

Leadership lesson: Get things right the first time. In a hand injury, as with any human encounter, the final outcome depends on the first treatment. “Hands don’t bore me. Hands are attached to the person. When you examine the hand, you’re examining how his emotions, appearance and livelihood are being affected,” Dr Ranjit said.


The views expressed here are the personal opinion of the columnist.

Photo credit: Flickr user a.adrian

Alvin Ung is a facilitator, executive coach and author of the bestselling book Barefoot Leadership. For related videos, photos and fresh leadership insights, please visit The column and multimedia content are a collaborative effort between the columnist and the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP).

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